Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

1983

School/College

College of Education (COE)

Degree Name

Ed.D., Counselor Education

Abstract

Problem

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of Black freshmen and seniors toward counseling experiences at a historically Black urban university and at a historically White urban university.

Methodology

Four hundred and thirty-eight Black freshmen and seniors enrolled at a historically Black urban university and at a historically White urban university located in the Southeastern area of Texas during the spring session of the 1982-83 academic year constituted the available sample size from the identified population. To determine the perceived counseling experience of the Black freshmen and seniors, the Counseling Evaluation Inventory (Linden, Shertzer, & Stone, 1965) was administered. In order to determine whether there was a significant difference between the perceived counseling experience of Black freshmen and seniors, the analysis of variance test was employed. The .05 level of probability was pre established as a criterion of statistical significance.

Findings and Conclusions

The seven hypotheses formulated were based on the problem and tested for statistical significance at the .05 level of probability. No significant difference was found concerning how Black freshmen and seniors perceive the counseling experiences at a historically Black urban university or at a historically White urban university. The seven hypotheses in this study were retained. It was concluded that Black students (namely, freshmen and seniors) do not perceive the counseling center experiences significantly different regardless of their enrollment at a historically Black urban university or at a historically White urban university. Yet, the data did indicate that Black males (freshmen and seniors) at the historically White urban university perceived the counseling experiences less favorably than did Black females (freshmen and seniors) at the historically White urban university and Black males and females (freshmen and seniors) at the historically Black urban university.

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