Using the state-level panel data, this study examines the role of Second-Order Devolution (SOD) in state TANF spending patterns. The study uses the Within-Between RE model to examine this connection. No statistically significant effect of second-order devolution is observed. The race continues to be a strong predictor of state funding and complex effects for Black, Hispanic, and Asian clients are observed. Such effects encourage a nuanced discussion of the racialization of welfare policy beyond the dichotomous exploration of black-white differences. Implications of this evidence are discussed.
"State TANF Spending: Does Devolution Matter?,"
Journal of Public Management & Social Policy: Vol. 29:
1, Article 8.
Available at: https://digitalscholarship.tsu.edu/jpmsp/vol29/iss1/8