Document Type


Date of Award



Barbara Jordan-Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs (SOPA)

Degree Name

MS in Administration of Justice

First Advisor

Dr. Declan 1. Onwudiwe

Second Advisor

David Baker, PH. D

Third Advisor

Robert Mupier, PH. D


This thesis focuses on the meaning and definition of the Jim Crow law and its contemporary meaning and application to administration of justice in the United States. The Old Jim Crow accentuated the segregation of African Americans, who were treated "separate but equal" by race and the penal process. The New Jim Crow represents police brutality, white supremacy, the disregard of the 14th Amendment for some minorities, and the devastating replacement of Jim Crow with the massive incarceration of black people. This evaluation will also explain the historic emergence of the Jim Crow law as well as its compatibility with the application of the administration of justice practice in the 21st century. Additionally, this current study will scrutinize the causal linkage between race and the penal process in that recent transformation in the justice system has not changed the manner of treatment toward American racial minorities. Indeed, Jim Crow practices, long ago outlawed, are still in vogue and apparent throughout the criminal justice system methods. Furthermore, using historical documents, and content analysis, this research will demonstrate that the Jim Crow epoch regulations still permeate the justice systems in America in the disciplinary corridors of disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic minority group members in the area of arrest, prosecution, and incarceration. Finally, this research will utilize the conflict theoretical frame and other applicable criminological constructions to explain the overpopulation of minorities in the justice system.