Determination and validation of mycophenolic acid by a UPLC-MS/MS method: Applications to pharmacokinetics and tongue tissue distribution studies in rats
Mycophenolic acid (MPA) has being used clinically for organ rejection prophylaxis. Recent studies have revealed that MPA can also act as a chemo-sensitizing agent when used in combination with various chemotherapeutic agents in a cancer type-specific manner, including with oxaliplatin on oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells. To prepare for the analysis of a novel drug delivery route for MPA absorption via oral mucosa as a potential therapeutic product, it is essential to develop and validate a highly sensitive analytical method for the quantification of MPA in biological samples for pharmacokinetic and tissue distribution studies. Herein, we report a sensitive, specific and reproducible UPLC-MS/MS method to do so. Blank rat plasma or tongue tissue homogenates coupled with griseofulvin, as internal standard, was used for generating standard curves ranging from 0.5 to 1000 ng/mL (r > 0.9990) for both plasma and tongue tissue homogenates. The chromatographic separation was achieved by a reverse phase ACE Excel 2 Super C18 column with a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min under gradient elution. Mass detection was performed under positive ionization electrospray. Inter- and intra-day accuracy and precision of the assay were ≤15% in both plasma and tongue tissue homogenates. The matrix effect was non-significant and extraction recovery rates were within 87.99% and 109.69% in plasma and tongue homogenates, respectively. The validity of this assay has been confirmed by measuring MPA in rat plasma for pharmacokinetics following intravenous administration of 0.5 mg/kg of mycophenolate sodium, as well as monitoring MPA in rat tongues for tissue distribution and detecting MPA that diffused into systemic circulation following a 4-h transmucosal delivery of 357 μg/cm2 of mycophenolate sodium.
Gao, Xiuqing; Tsai, Robert Y.L.; Ma, Jing; Bhupal, Parnit K.; Liu, Xiaohua; Liang, Dong; and Xie, Huan, "Determination and validation of mycophenolic acid by a UPLC-MS/MS method: Applications to pharmacokinetics and tongue tissue distribution studies in rats" (2020). Faculty Publications and Scholarship. 15.